Forest in Srilanka

Sri Lanka which is known as the pearl of the Indian Ocean is rich with a wide range of bio-diversity hot-spots. That means there is a wide range of biological species, fauna and flora. Forests can be stated as one such valuable hotspot in this island. A forest is a place where a lot of biodiversity is present.

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Forests in Sri Lanka

Post: 28-01-2020 Categories: Forest in srilanka / Forests in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka which is known as the pearl of the Indian Ocean is rich with a wide range of bio-diversity hot-spots. That means there is a wide range of biological species, fauna and flora. Forests can be stated as one such valuable hotspot in this island. A forest is a place where a lot of biodiversity is present.

Let us get to know more interesting and amazing facts about forests in Sri Lanka.

      There are different species of plants as well as animals in forests. Some of them are the ones we have never seen and we will never be able to see around our home gardens and around our villages. These forests are maintained and looked after by the wildlife department and forest department of Sri Lanka. The forest officers hold the authority and responsibility to take actions on different forests in Sri Lanka.

 The diversity occurs as a result of the changes taking place in rainfall, geological formation and temperature prevailing in different parts of the country. Among these “climate” is the main factor that states the type of forests.

There are several types of forests in Sri Lanka,

  • Tropical rainforestsSinharaja Forest reserve which is a UNESCO Heritage Site is said to be the biggest forest in Sri Lanka and country’s last viable area of primary tropical rainforest. It is located within Sabaragamuwa and Southern provinces of the south-west lowland and wet zone of Sri Lanka. Here, more than 60 % of the trees are endemic and many of them are considered rare. There are endemic species including trees, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.
  • Montane forests (cloud forests) - provides habitat for many animals including mammals, Leopards, new species of frogs, lizards, fish etc.
  • Dry mixed evergreen forests – found in the dry zone.
  • Riverine forests – found along flood plains and river valleys. They get a rainfall of 1000mm-1800mm. we find these forests in Ampara, Monaragala, Hambantota, Puttalam and Polonnaruwa districts in Sri Lanka.
  • Intermediate forests/ tropical moist evergreen forests- located in the transition zone or between the tropical rain forests and dry mixed evergreen forests.
  • Tropical thorn forests/ arid zone forests- southeastern and northwestern regions of the country.
  • Mangroves- coastal areas and river mouths of the country.

Forests play an important role in protecting watersheds, preventing erosion, providing refuge   for 80% of terrestrial species and meeting many human needs. Thus protecting this valuable resource is our duty.



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